What Is Stratification?
Stratification is the categorisation of items, the ordering into layers, tiers or forming into stratas. In a social context it is about dividing society into status groups or developing such groups. Stratification is about arranging and separating objects, materials, castes. In geology layers of rock are stratified, loams and rocks are tiered. The term is used in many branches of science.
How Many types of are there?
There are many categories of stratification found in science, earth sciences, social sciences and biology.
These groupings can be further divided such as in biology where seeds are stratified, they are treated, to simulate winter conditions so that germination occurs.
What is social stratification?
In Social stratification, people are arranged or separated into castes, classes or social levels. In Sociology, social stratification is a concept of sorting people into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions, when status, power and privilege occur in some groups over others it is called social stratification. It is a means by which society sorts people into a hierarchy.
There are 4 basic principals:
- Social stratification is a trait of society, not just a reflection of individual difference
- It continues from generation to generation
- It is universal but variable
- It includes beliefs as well as inequality
Karl Marx was a major figure in founding sociology. His theories about society, economics and politics are known collectively as Marxism. His theory is that all society moves through the dialictic class struggle. He criticised the socio-economic form of society, capitalism, which he called “the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie.” He believed it to be controlled by wealthy middle and upper classes for their own ends and that this system would produce internal disruptions and self-destruction and should be replaced with socialism.
Max Weber is the most recognised sociologist of modern times. He was a founding figure of social sociology, best known for his ideas on bureaucracy. Weber saw sociology as a comprehensive science of social action. Early theory focuses on the subjective meaning that humans attach to their actions and interactions within specific social contexts. Many forms of modern public administration relate to him. Weber believed that bureaucracy is the most rational and efficient way in which humans can be organied in the modern world.